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  • About Everest Base Camp trekking

    Mount Everest has remained one of the most popular tourist destinations in Nepal since the 1920s. It has captivated adventure lovers beckoning them to return repeatedly to attempt the famous climb. The Everest Base Camp Trek, also called the EBC trek is recommended to be attempted by experienced trekkers looking for the ultimate thrill.

    On this trek, you will be climbing to an altitude of 18,500 ft. at Kala Patthar passing through whimsical villages, monasteries, ropeway bridges and ancient rivers. For many, this trek will become a significant personal journey having scaled to the base camp of the world’s tallest peak. After all, there's no thrill quite like being at the top of the world.

    With the view of the formidable summit soaring high up above the mountains, trekking to Mount Everest Base camp is definitely an adventure of a lifetime. You will be trekking in the footsteps of legendary mountaineers such as George Mallory, Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary.

    Everest Base Camp trek – the world’s most epic terrain

    The trek to Everest Base Camp is possibly the most popular high altitude treks in the world for those with lesser experience with high altitude mountaineering. This is as high as one can get without requiring any special mountaineering equipment at nearly 18,000 ft. The trek has two base camps - the South Base Camp in Nepal, and the North Base Camp in Tibet. The trek to the South Base Camp is the more popular route, with thousands attempting it each year.

    This 14-16 days trek offers you the most spectacular views of gushing river streams, gigantic glaciers, rhododendron forests and snow-clad mountain peaks that rise above the clouds.

    The Everest Base Camp trek is a non-technical trek and does not require rock climbing or rappelling skills. However, it is still a difficult trek with long hours of walking, some tough stretches and dizzying altitudes. Therefore, it is only recommended for those who have considerable high altitude trekking experience. Read our blog on How to Prepare for High Altitude Trekking.

    Mount Everest Base Camp trek route

    After spending a couple of days to acclimatize in Kathmandu, you’ll head to Lukla, where the trek begins. Your first big stop is Namche Bazaar, the Gateway to Mt Everest. Here you will meet other trekkers returning from expeditions with their exciting stories. The colourful local culture and the gathering of trekkers from around the world adds to the electrifying vibe of Namche Bazaar.

    After this, you’ll trek to Tengboche, Dingboche and Gorakshep over the next few days, stopping at a monastery to invoke the deity’s blessings for your expedition. After Gorakshep, you’ll be excited to finally get to the Everest Base Camp and witness the iconic Khumbu Glacier ice fall. The base camp is a lively place filled with Everesters trying their luck to summit the tallest peak in the world.

    After reaching the Everest Base Camp, you’d think that this is the most exciting part. You’ll be happy to know that from the base camp, you will be climbing further upwards to Kala Patthar. Here you will get the most dramatic views of Mount Everest. It’s especially spectacular at the break of dawn when the first rays of the sun turn the peak golden.

    On your way back, you will descend to Namche Bazaar, where it’s now your turn to share your Everest stories to fresh-faced trekkers just starting off. You will continue to Lukla from where you will fly back to Kathmandu airport, returning to civilization after some splendid days of living in the lap of Mount Everest.

    Don’t yet have enough experience required for Everest Base Camp yet? Start racking up the miles from the top 10 treks in India to prepare for the Everest Base Camp Trek and gain the necessary experience.

    Everest Base Camp Trek Summary

    • State: Province 3
    • Nearest city: Kathmandu
    • Total days: 14 -16 days
    • Grade: Difficult
    • Max altitude: 17,600 feet
    • Total trekking distance: 14-15 km
    • Season: pre-monsoon and post-monsoon
    • Avg. temperature: -5 to 12 degree Celsius
  • 14-Day Everest Base Camp trek

    Sketch itinerary:

    Day 1: Arrive in Kathmandu

    • Altitude: 4,600 feet
    • Check-in time: 10:00 hours
    • Spend the day exploring Kathmandu
    • Overnight stay: Hotel in Kathmandu

    Day 2: Fly to Lukla and trek to Phakding

    • Altitude: 9,350 feet (Lukla), 8,500 feet (Phakding)
    • Flight to Lukla: 30 mins
    • Trekking distance: 9 km
    • Trekking duration: 5 hours
    • Trail: Easy and gradual descent
    • Overnight stay: Teahouse at Phakding

    Day 3: Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar

    • Altitude: 11,300 feet (Namche Bazaar)
    • Trekking distance: 10 km
    • Trekking time: 7 hours
    • Trail: Moderate climb with a steep section before reaching Namche Bazaar
    • Enter into the Sagarmatha National Park
    • Overnight stay: Teahouse at Namche Bazaar

    Day 4: Acclimatization at Namche Bazaar

    • Altitude: 11,300 feet
    • Spend the day acclimatizing at Namche Bazaar
    • Explore Namche Bazaar
    • Overnight stay: Teahouse at Namche Bazaar

    Day 5: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Tengboche

    • Altitude: 12,650 feet (Tengboche)
    • Trekking distance: 8 km
    • Trekking time: 6 hours
    • Trial: Mixed ascent to Phunki Tenga followed by a steep ascent to Tengboche
    • Overnight stay: Teahouse at Tengboche

    Day 6: Trek from Tengboche to Dingboche

    • Altitude: 14,250 feet (Dingboche)
    • Trekking distance: 9 km
    • Trekking duration: 7 hours
    • Trail: Gradual descent with a bit of an ascent after Lobuche River
    • Overnight stay: Teahouse at Dingboche

    Day 7: Acclimatization at Dingboche

    • Altitude: 14,250 feet (Dingboche)
    • Spend the day exploring Dingboche
    • Take a short hike to see the peaks of Lhotse, Makalu and Cho Oyu
    • Overnight stay: Teahouse at Dingboche

    Day 8: Trek from Dingboche to Lobuche

    • Altitude: 16,200 feet (Lobuche)
    • Trekking distance: 7 km
    • Trekking duration: 6 hours
    • Trail: Moderately challenging climb on moraine and rocky terrain
    • Overnight stay: Teahouse at Lobuche

    Day 9: Lobuche to Gorak Shep to EBC and back to Gorakshep

    • Altitude: 16,900 feet (Gorakshep), 17,550 feet (Everest base camp)
    • Trekking distance: 13 km
    • Trekking duration: 7 hours
    • Trail: Steep climb to Gorak Shep followed by a steeper climb to Everest base camp and back down to Gorak Shep
    • Overnight stay: Teahouse at Gorak Shep

    Day 10: Trek from Gorakshep to Pheriche via Kala Patthar

    • Altitude: 14,100 feet (Pheriche), 18,200 feet (Kala Patthar)
    • Trekking distance: 19 km
    • Trekking duration: 7 hours
    • Trail: Steep ascent to Kala Patthar followed by a gradual descend to Pheriche
    • Enjoy the views of Mt. Everest, South Col, Lhotse, Makalu, Khumbu Glacier and Pumori
    • Overnight stay: Teahouse at Pheriche

    Day 11: Trek from Pheriche to Namche Bazaar

    • Altitude: 11,300 feet (Namche Bazaar)
    • Trekking distance: 15 km
    • Trekking duration: 8 hours
    • Trail: Moderate descent followed by a short ascent before reaching Namche Bazaar
    • Overnight stay: Teahouse at Namche Bazaar

    Day 12: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Lukla

    • Altitude: 8,500 feet (Phakding), 9,350 feet (Lukla)
    • Trekking distance: 19 km
    • Trekking duration: 8 hours
    • Trail: Moderate descent to Phakding followed by a gradual ascent to Lukla
    • Overnight stay: Teahouse at Lukla

    Day 13: Fly to Kathmandu

    • Morning flight to Kathmandu
    • Spend the day resting in your hotel room
    • Overnight stay: Hotel at Kathmandu

    Day 14: Depart from Kathmandu

    • Check-out time: 10:00 hours
    • Fly back to your home city
    • The trip ends here
    Detailed itinerary:

    Day 1: Arrive in Kathmandu

    Arrive in Kathmandu and check-in at the hotel. Today you will meet your team and trek leader. You will receive the briefing on your trek here. You can spend the rest of the day making last-minute preparations for the trek. You can also walk around and explore the local culture a bit.

    A bit of activity, walking and sight-seeing will get your body to start acclimatizing if you have flown in from sea level. Ensure you don’t end up sleeping the whole time as this may not be a good idea for you. You'll spend the night in a hotel in Kathmandu.

    Day 2: Fly to Lukla and trek to Phakding

    Head to the airport in the morning and catch a flight to Lukla. It takes about 35 min to fly to Lukla and provides breathtaking views of valleys and mountain ranges. From Lukla, begin your trek to Phakding. It takes about 3 to 4 hours and you will cross small villages and plenty of greenery on your way. At Phakding, check-in at the teahouse for the night.

    Day 3: Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar

    Begin your trek towards Namche Bazaar alongside Dudh Koshi River. You'll also cross various suspension bridges and forested paths before you reach Namche Bazaar. During this stretch you will be able to get your first glimpses of Everest and Lhotse. Overnight in a teahouse at Namche Bazaar.

    Day 4: Acclimatization at Namche Bazaar

    Namche Bazaar lies at an altitude of 11,290 ft. which is above the threshold of altitude sickness. Therefore, it is a popular spot for trekkers to spend a couple of days to get themselves acclimatized before they head further. You can visit the Namche Monastery, the museum or the local coffee shops around. Overnight in a teahouse at Namche Bazaar.

    Day 5: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Tengboche

    Today, you'll continue along the trail to Tengboche and get your first views of Mt. Everest. You'll trek through gorgeous rhododendron forests and soak in views of Mt. Ama Dablam and Mt. Thamserku and other peaks in the Khumbu region. Overnight in a teahouse at Tengboche.

    Day 6: Trek from Tengboche to Dingboche

    Today, you'll trek to Dingboche. You'll trek through forests till the terrain changes to the more rocky landscape. You'll also experience your first snow on today's trek as you continue to climb to higher altitudes. You may find today to be a bit challenging as your body tries to acclimatize to lower oxygen levels. You will be crossing via suspension bridges over Imja Khola River. Overnight in a teahouse at Dingboche.

    Day 7: Acclimatization at Dingboche (14,470 ft.)

    Once you reach Dingboche at nearly 14,500 ft. you will need a day to let your body acclimatize further. You will need to train your breathing to take in as much oxygen as possible. You can take short hikes around Dingboche to help you acclimatize and see some of the tallest mountain peaks such as Mount Lhotse, Mount Makalu and Mount Cho Yu. Overnight in a teahouse at Dingboche.

    Day 8: Trek from Dingboche to Lobuche

    Today is a challenging trek to Lobuche as you trek to a higher altitude over glacial moraines. En route, you'll cross the Dughla pass which is filled with memorials of mountaineer’s who have lost their lives attempting different expeditions. Overnight in a teahouse at Lobuche.

    Day 9: Trek from Lobuche to Gorak Shep to Everest base camp

    Today, you'll finally trek to the Everest base camp. You'll first head to Gorak Shep and spend some time here and wait for sunset. As the sun starts setting you will set off to Everest base camp. You will be able to see the Khumbu Icefall clearly from EBC. After a while, you will descend back to Gorakshep. Overnight in a teahouse at Everest base camp.

    Day 10: Trek from Gorakshep to Pheriche via Kala Patthar

    Today, you'll wake up early and trek to Kala Patthar to catch the sunrise. Finally, you will be able to clear and spectacular views of the tallest peak in the world. Congratulate yourself for reaching the highest point of the trek at 18,500 ft.

    You will be able to see the peaks of some of the tallest summits of the Himalayan Range including a close view of Mt. Ama Dablam with an altitude of 22,300 ft. From here you will head back down towards Pheriche via Gorakshep. Overnight in a teahouse at Pheriche.

    Day 11: Trek from Pheriche to Namche Bazaar

    Today, you'll retrace your steps back to Namche Bazaar. En route, you'll cross the now familiar villages of Dingboche and Tengboche. This will be a relatively easier and faster trek while descending and with lowering altitudes you will start feeling better with oxygen-rich air to breathe. Overnight in a teahouse at Namche Bazaar.

    Day 12: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Lukla

    Today, you'll return to Lukla and en route, cross Phakding. After what may seem like a never ending trek downhill, you will arrive at Lukla in the evening. Overnight in a teahouse at Lukla.

    Day 13: Fly back to Kathmandu

    Today, you'll fly back to Kathmandu Airport in a small prop-plane and enjoy the last views of the Himalayan Range. You'll arrive in Kathmandu exhausted from the long trek and head to the hotel for a good night’s rest. Overnight in a hotel at Kathmandu.

    Day 14: Depart from Kathmandu

    Today, you'll check-out of the hotel and fly back to your home city. Your Everest base camp trek ends here.

    Inclusions

    The trip costs include your flight tickets from Kathmandu Airport to Lukla Airport and return to Kathmandu Airport. Airport transfers to and from the hotel will be arranged in private, non AC shared vehicles. Accommodation arrangements will be in hotels for two nights spent in Kathmandu on a triple-sharing basis.

    For the rest of the time during the trek, you will be staying in tea-houses with common washrooms on twin sharing basis included in the trip. Accommodation type may also include a couple of nights in basic tea-houses with common washrooms on triple/quad sharing or even sometimes dormitory set up higher up in the mountains.

    All required government permits and entry fees along with Sagarmatha National Park permit fees are included. The services of an experienced trek leader and assistant guide as well as porter services to carry up to 10 kg per person of personal luggage (two travellers will have one porter) are inclusive. Any technical or safety gear that may be required for the trek will be provided.

    You will be covered under adventure travel insurance with emergency assistance and evacuation. You can request for more details on this. Please so see the Fine Print section for the detailed terms of the insurance. First aid kits and oxygen cylinders will be available during the trek. International payment transfer fees will also be included. All applicable taxes are included in the packages.

    Exclusions

    Flights or travel arrangement between your home city and Kathmandu to and fro are not included. Airport transfers on day 1 and day 14 between Kathmandu Airport and Hotels is not included. All meals during the stay in Kathmandu will be on personal expense. All meals while trekking (veg/non-veg meal package from lunch on day 2 to breakfast on day 13 can be arranged at an additional cost of approximately INR 23,500 per person and can vary from operator to operator and the season) Nepal visa arrangements and costs are not included. Please note that no visa is required for Indian citizens.

    Personal expenses like tips to staff, additional meals or beverages etc. are to be borne by individuals and not included. Any costs arising due to unforeseen circumstances like bad weather, road blocks etc. will be additional and communicated as necessary. Any additional cost due to fluctuations based on international currency exchange rates at the time of booking will be charged accordingly. Anything not mentioned in inclusions and outside of the itinerary will be additional.

  • Best time to go/Weather

    There are 2 seasons for the EBC trek: pre-monsoon and post-monsoon. The pre-monsoon season is from March until May, and is the most popular time for Everest Base Camp Trek. During these months, the days are warm, stable and dry, and the landscape is blooming with rhododendrons. However, if you go during the end of winter, then expect some occasional showers. During this season, the visibility too isn't the best. By the end of May the pre-monsoon showers will begin.

    The post-monsoon season, from September to November, is another great season for the EBC trek. During these months, the days are cold and the nights colder but the skies are clear ensuring fabulous views of the Himalayan peaks. This will also include a lot of snow trekking with freshly fallen snow.

  • Everest Base Camp trek - Route Map / Altitude Map

    • Check the trekking route map for the EBC trek in Nepal

    • Check maximum and minimum altitudes for every day of the EBC trek in Nepal.

  • Everest Base Camp trek - Frequently Asked Questions

    Can fit beginners attempt the Everest Base Camp trek?

    While it is not technical in nature, the Everest Base Camp trek is not counted as an easy one by any means. It requires long days of trekking, starting at over 9,000 feet and touching 18,500 feet at Kala Patthar. The elevation itself takes some getting used to, and inexperienced trekkers are not advised to attempt this trek. However, with that said, highly fit individuals who have good cardio and strength have attempted it successfully.

    What should I carry to the Everest Base Camp trek?

    When is the best time to go for the Everest Base Camp?

  • Getting There

    The pick-up/meet-up point for the Everest Base Camp trek is Kathmandu, served by the Tribhuvan International Airport. The airport is connected to most major cities of India by regular flights along with daily flights from Mumbai and Delhi. Do note that flights often get delayed due to erratic weather, so book your flight accordingly.

    You can even reach Kathmandu via bus. You can take the bus from Gorakhpur to the Nepalese border at Sunauli, and then from Sunauli, you can take another bus to reach Kathmandu. There are also direct buses running from Delhi to Kathmandu. As for rails, there are no rail lines connecting Kathmandu to India. But you can take a train from Jay Nagar railway station, India to Janakpur railway station, Nepal. From there, you can take a bus to reach Kathmandu.

    What To Wear

    For the EBC trek, you need to make sure you're wearing weather appropriate clothes to ensure a safe and comfortable trek. To begin with, you need comfortable, quick-dry t-shirt and trek pants along with inner thermals, down jacket, fleece jacket and waterproof jacket/raincoat.

    Carry at least 3 pairs of heavy woollen socks and 3 pairs of light woollen socks suitable to the weather conditions. Carry insulated gloves and liner gloves for both cold and warm conditions.

    Try to carry convertible cargo pants which will make the trek more comfortable. Wear or carry sun caps for the day and warm head covers for the night.

    Do note that the weather here is not always predictable and can get quite freezing during the nights. Ensure that all your clothing is always in layers so you can remove or add on depending on the weather conditions. Even winds up in those altitudes can cause frost bites and affect your trip experience if you are not well prepared.

    What To Carry

    The Everest Base Camp trek cost covers all the technical equipment required, so you don't have to worry about that. However, you need to carry a sturdy backpack and a daypack which can hold all your essentials, trekking/walking poles, sleeping bag and sleeping bag liners, headlamp, flashlight with extra batteries, sunscreen, sunglasses, sun cap, neck-gaiters, woollen or synthetic gloves and socks, personal toiletries and a personal medical kit.

    Carry some dry snacks and chocolates. Don’t forget to get your camera with extra batteries as batteries for all electronics drain quicker in colder climate and there won’t be too many places to plug in your chargers. You could even carry some small books or playing cards to pass your time in the evenings at the end of each day during the trek.

    Although first aid kit will be available it will be advisable to carry some pain relieving medication, band aids and any personal medication as required. Carry some baby wipes as hot showers are a luxury and not easily available up in the mountains.

    The tour operator will also provide you with a packing list. Do make sure you're carrying everything mentioned in the list to ensure a safe and comfortable journey.

    Preparation/Fitness

    The Everest base camp trek is not an easy endeavour where you will cover a distance of 110 km with majority of them in up in the mountain. The trek requires long hours of walking per day at higher altitudes, over a trail that consists of some steep ascents and rocky terrains, rickety suspension bridges, gravel and icy paths. Hence, the trek is not suitable for beginners and requires a certain amount of experience with high-altitude Himalayan trekking.

    To prepare for the EBC trek, you also need a certain level of fitness. So it is recommended that you start training for the trek 3-6 months prior, depending on your fitness level. You should follow a workout routine consisting of both cardio and strength exercises. Cardio will help you cover long distances at higher altitudes where the oxygen levels are low, and strength training will help you with covering long distances while carrying heavy backpacks. Yoga and meditation along with breathing exercises will help you immensely when you cross the altitude sickness threshold.

    It is counted in one of the toughest treks in India and we would strongly advise a few beginner to moderate Himalayan treks before you attempt to climb the Everest even if it is to the base camp itself.